Companion Planting

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Companion Planting
Bedfellows in the Garden

compiled by 'Elliott'sMom'

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Fruits and vegetables are like people, they thrive on companionship.  It is believed that food crops will yield up to twice as much when they are surrounded with companion plants. In this article, we'll list the most commonly grown vegetables and their ideal planting companions, herb companions and pests they repel, plants that attract beneficial insects, plants that repel insects, and a few that trap undesirable insects - luring them away from your food crops.

If you're getting ready to plant your vegetable garden you may want to try placing the various vegetable crops so you can take advantage of their natural friends. If you have already planted your vegetable garden you may want to tuck a few pest-repelling plants in among them, and make more extensive changes in subsequent plantings later this summer.

Companion planting requires some experimentation. What may be successful in one garden may not be successful in another garden. This may be caused by different microclimates, soil types, plant varieties and cropping practices.  With this extensive list, you should be able to find a match made in heaven.  So on with the matchmaking - let the wedding bells ring!

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Vegetable Companion Chart

ArtichokeSunflower, TarragonNone
AsparagusBasil, Carrots, Parsley, TomatoChive, Garlic, Leek, Onion
BasilPepper, Tomato, Marigold 
Berries (applies to strawberries,  bush berries, grapes)Bush Beans, Lettuce, Onion, SpinachCabbage
Bush BeansBeets, Cabbage family, Carrots, Celeriac, Celery, Corn, Cucumbers, Eggplant, Lettuce, Marigold, Pea, Potato, Radish, Rosemary, Strawberry, Savory, Tansy, MarigoldBasil, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Onion
Pole BeansCarrots, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Marigold, Pea, Radish, Rosemary, Savory, TansyBasil, Beets, Cabbage, Fennel, Kohlrabi, Onion, Sunflower
BeetsBush Beans, Cabbage family, Lettuce, Onion family, Radish, SageMustard, Pole Beans
Cabbage Family (includes broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, kale)Basil, Bush Beans, Beets, Carrot, Celery, Chamomile, Chard, Cucumber, Dill, Garlic, Hyssop, Lettuce, Marigold, Mint, Nasturtium, Onion family, Oregano, Rosemary, Sage, Spinach, Thyme, Tomato, WormwoodBush and Pole Beans, Grapes, Rue, Strawberry
CarrotsBeans, Cabbage family, Chives, Leeks, Lettuce, Onion family, Peas, Peppers, Radish, Rosemary, Sage, TomatoCaraway, Celery, Dill
CeleryBush Beans, Cabbage family, Nasturtium, Onion family, Spinach, TomatoCarrot, Parsley, Parsnip
CornBeans, Cabbage family, Cucumber, Dill, Melon family, Parsley, Peas, Pumpkin, Squash, SunflowerTomato
CucumbersBeans, Cabbage family, Carrot, Corn, Lettuce, Marigold, Nasturtium, Onion family, Peas, Radish, Savory, Sunflower, TomatoStrong Herbs, Potato
EggplantBeans, Garlic, Marigold, Pea, Pepper, Potato, Spinach, Tarragon, ThymeFennel
LettuceBeans, Carrots, Collards, Cucumbers, Onion family, Radish, StrawberriesBroccoli, Fava Bean, Grains
MelonsCorn, Nasturtium, RadishPotato
Onion (includes Chives, Garlic, Leek)Beets, Broccoli, Brussels Sprouts, Cabbage family, Carrot, Cauliflower, Celery, Chamomile, Collard, Cucumber, Dill, Kale, Lettuce, Pepper, Potato, Radish, Rose, Savory, Squash, Strawberry, TomatoAsparagus, Beans, Gladiolus, Peas
Parsnip Delphinium, Larkspur
PeasBeans, Carrots, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Lettuce, Radish, Spinach, Tomato, TurnipOnion family, Gladiolus, Potato
PepperBean, Carrot, Marigold, Marjoram, Onion family, Tansy, Tomato 
Potato (sweet Potato friends and enemies unknown)Beans, Cabbage family, Corn, Collard, Coriander, Eggplant, Horseradish, Lettuce, Marigold, Onion family, Parsnip, Pea, PetuniaFennel, Kohlrabi, Melon family, Parsnip, Rutabaga, Squash family, Sunflower, Tomato, Turnip
RadishBeans, Cabbage family, Carrot, Chervil, Collard, Cucumber, Grapes, Lettuce, Melon family, Nasturtium, Onion family, Pea, SquashHyssop
RutabagaOnion family, PeaPotato
SpinachCabbage family, Celery, Corn, Eggplant, Pea, Strawberry 
Squash and PumpkinCorn, Eggplant, Marigold, Nasturtium, Onion family, RadishPotato
TomatoAsparagus, Basil, Bush Bean, Cabbage family, Carrots, Celery, Marigold, Mint, Onion family, Parsley, PepperCorn, Dill, Fennel, Pole Bean, Potato
TurnipOnion family, PeaPotato

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Herb Companion and Insects Repelled Chart



Pests Repelled

AngelicaAvoid Dill 
Dislikes Rue
Flies, Mosquitoes
BorageTomatoes, Squash, StrawberriesTomato Worm
CarawayPlant throughout the garden to loosen the soil.
Avoid Dill
CatnipEggplantFlea Beetle, Ants
ChamomileCabbage, Onion 
Coriander Aphids
Dead NettlePotatoesPotato Bug
Dislikes Carrots and Caraway
FennelMost plants dislike this herb 
Feverfewrosesattracts aphids away from roses
FlaxCarrots, PotatoesPotato Bug
GarlicRoses, RaspberriesJapanese Beetle, Aphids
HorseradishPotatoesPotato Bug
Henbit General Insect Repellent
HyssopCabbage, Grapes
Dislikes Radishes
Cabbage Moth
Lavender Moths -- combine with southernwood, wormwood and rosemary in an anti-moth sachet
MarigoldsPlant throughout the gardenMexican Bean Beetles, Nematodes, others
MintCabbage, TomatoesWhite Cabbage Moth, aphids, flea beetles
Mole Plant (Castor Bean) Moles and Mice
NasturtiumRadishes, Cabbage, Cucurbits, fruit treesAphids, Squash Bugs, Striped Pumpkin Beetle
PennyroyalRosesFlies, Mosquitoes, Fleas, others
Pot MarigoldTomatoesTomato Worm, Asparagus Beetles, others
Pyrethrums Use dried flower heads as a general insect repellent.
RosemaryCabbage, Beans Carrots, SageCabbage Moth, Bean Beetle, Carrot Fly
RueRoses and Raspberries
Dislikes Sweet Basil
Japanese Beetles
SageRosemary, Cabbage, Carrots
Dislikes Cucumbers
Cabbage Moth, Carrot Fly, Flea Beetle, Slugs
SouthernwoodCabbagesCabbage Moth
SowthistleTomatoes, Onion, Corn
Plant in moderation
Summer SavoryBeansBean Beetles
TansyFruit Trees, Roses, RaspberriesFlying Insects, Japanese Beetles, Striped Cucumber Beetles, Squash Bugs, Ants, Flies
ThymeCabbageCabbage Worm
Wormwood Plant as a border to keep animals out of the garden.
YarrowPlant near aromatic herbs to enhance production of essential oils. 

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Plants that Attract Beneficial Insects


InsectPlant that Attracts
Assassin BugsAlfalfa, Carrot, Goldenrod
Big Eyed BugsAlfalfa, Carrot, Goldenrod
Damsel BugsAlfalfa
Lady BeetlesAlfalfa, Goldenrod, Morning Glory, Yarrow
Parasitic Wasps Alfalfa, Carrot, Goldenrod, White Clover, Yarrow 
Syrphid FliesBuckwheat, Candytuft, Fennel, Morning glory 
Tachinid Flies Coriander, Fennel, Ivy, White Sweet Clover 
Yellowjacket Wasps Ivy, White sweet clover, Carrot 

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Plants that Trap Undesirable Insects
(and keep them off your desirable plants)

Insect TrappedPlant
Flea BeetlesNasturtium
Potato BugsEggplant

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Plants that Repel Undesirable Insects

Insect Plant that Repels
AntsTansy, Onions, Mint family 
AphidsChives, Garlic, Marigolds, Mint family, Dried and crushed chrysanthemum flowers, Coriander, Onions, Oregano 
Cabbage MothsRosemary, Sage, Thyme 
Cabbage Worms Tomatoes, Celery 
Carrot Flies Leeks, Sage, Rosemary 
Colorado Potato BeetlesGreen Beans, Marigolds, Nasturtiums, Flax 
Cucumber BeetlesNasturtiums, Radishes, Tansy 
Flea BeetlesCatnip, Garlic 
FliesBasil, Tansy 
LeafhoppersDried and crushed chrysanthemum flowers 
Mosquitoes Basil, Garlic, Geranium (citrosa) 
Onion FliesGarlic
Tomato WormsBorage
WhitefliesMarigold, Oregano 

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