Invasive Plants

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List of Invasive Plants
by GyrFalcon

 In this Series 
Insect Problems
Beneficial Insects
Critter Problems
Azalea Problems
Invasive Plants

These lists of invasive, reseeding, suckering, or otherwise obnoxious plants, are meant to be used as a general guide only. Plants that may be well behaved where the climate conditions are harsh can forget their manners and become party animals in the southern climates. 

If a plant you are considering is on the list, some research is recommended prior to ground insertion. Plants with a ~ in front of their name have earned their special mark with their tenacious vigor. 

Be certain you love them, as they may be your guests forever. In addition, please realize that the listing of one species should not be taken as a warning to include all other members of the genus.

Both the botanical name and popular "nickname" of the plant is included, and they are organized by plant type.

Legend for bracketed notations in the table:

[R] Spreading by roots, runners, rhizomes 
[S] Seedlings. suckers

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  • ACANTHUS mollis (Bear's Breech) [R]
  • AEGOPODIUM podagraria (Bishop's Weed [R]
  • ALLIUM sphaetrocephaolum (Drumsticks)
  • ANEMONE vitifolia 'Robustissima' [R, S]
  • ARUNDO donax (Giant Reed) [R]
  • ASPERIGUS, ornamental-various species [R]
  • BAMBOO, various species [R]
  • BUCKLOE dactyloides (Buffalo Grass) [R]
  • CAMPANULA rapunculoides (Rover Bellflower)
  • CAMPANULA takesimana [R]
  • CENTRANTHUS ruber (Valeriana rubra) [S]
  • CHASMANTHIUM latifolium (Sea Oats) [S]
  • CHELIDONIUM majus (Greater Celandine) [S]
  • CORONILLA varia (Crown Vetch) [R]
  • CORTADERIA selloana (Pampas Grass) [S]
  • COSMOS [S]
  • CYMBALARIA muralis (Kenilworth Ivy)
  • CYNODON dactylon (Bermuda Grass) [R]
  • CYPERUS (Unbrella Plant)
  • DICHONDRA nucrabtga (Dichindra)
  • DUCHESNEA indica (Indian Mock Strawberry)[R]
  • EQUISETUM hyemale (Horsetail) [R]
  • GALIUM odoratum (Sweet Woodruff) [R]
  • GLECHOMA hederacea (Ground Ivy) [R]
  • HOUTTUYNIA cordata [R in wet soil]


crown vetch

Sword Fern

  • LAURENTIA fluviatilis (Blue Star Creeper) [R]
  • LINUM perenne (Perrennial Blue Flax) [S]
  • LUNARIA annua (Money Plant) [S]
  • LYSIMACHIA species, except ephemerum [R]
  • LYTHRUM virgatum (Purple Loosestrife) [S]
  • MACLEAYA species (Plume Poppy) [R]
  • MARRUBIUM vulgare (Horehound)
  • MENTHA species (Mint) [R]
  • MIRABILIS jalapa (Four O'Clock) [S]
  • MONARDIA species (Bee Balm) [R]
  • NEPETA species (Catnip, Cat Mint) [R, S]
  • NEPHROLEPIS cordifolia (Sword Fern) [R]
  • OENOTHERA speciosa (Mexican Evening Primrose) [R]
  • ONOCLEA sensibilis (Sensitive Fern) [R]
  • OXALIS some species
  • PENNISETUM setaceum (Fountain Grass)[S]
  • PHALARIS arundinacea (Ribbon Grass) [R]
  • PHYLA nodiflora (Lippia) [R]
  • PHYSOSTEGIA virginiana (Obedient Plant)
  • POLYGONUM capitatum (Knotweed) [R, S]
  • POLYGONUM cuspidatum (Japanese Knotweed) [R]
  • POLYGONUM virginianum (Knotweed) [R]
  • PRUNELLA species (Self-heal) [R]
  • PTERIDIUM aquilinum (Bracken) [R]
  • ROMNEYA coiulteri (Matilija Poppy) [R]




  • ANREDERA cordifolia (Madeira Vine)


  • CELASTRUS orbiculatus

  • HEDERA canariensis (Algerian Ivy) [R]

  • HEDERA colchica (Persian Ivy) [R]

  • HEDERA helix (English Ivy) [R]


  • LONICERA japonica (Honeysuckle) [R]

  • LYCIUM chinense (Matrimony Vine, Boxthorn)


  • RHAMNUS species (Buckthorn) [S]

  • ROSA, "wild" species (Wild Rose) [R]

Staghorn Sumac

  • ACER PLATANOIDES (Norway Maple) [R] [S]

  • ELAEAGNUS UMBELLATA (Autumn Olive) [R, S]
    EUCALYPTUS species [S]

  • FICUS species (Ornamental Fig) [R]

  • FRAXINUS uhdei (Evergreen Ash) [S]

  • JACARANDA mimosifolia (Jacaranda) [S]

  • LIQUIDAMBAR (Sweet Gum) [S]

  • POPULUS species (Poplar, Cottonwood, Aspen) [R, S]

  • QUERCUS some species (Oaks) [S]

  • RHUS typhina (Staghorn Sumac) [S]

  • ROBINA ambigua [R, S]

  • ROBINA pseudoacacia (Black Locust) [R, S]

Insect Problems ] Beneficial Insects ] Critter Problems ] Azalea Problems ] [ Invasive Plants ]

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